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Mortality Patterns in Guyana

1.1 Introduction
One major indicator often used to measure quality of life is mortality patterns, which can be determined by how long the population is expected to live on average, and the age and sex patterns of mortality. This being one of the major goals of the Millennium Development plan, the main objectives of this occasional paper are as follow:

Calculate the age specific death rates;

Construct Guyana life tables and elaborate on the importance of the following functions:
a) the probability of death; and
b) average life expectancy for males, females and both sexes combined.

1.2 Data Requirements
The data required for this method are described below:

Registered deaths by age and sex for Guyana in 2004; and

2002 census population distribution by age and sex, adjusted to 2004 to correspond to the reference period to which the deaths occurred.

1.3 Age Specific Death Rates
The death rate of a particular age group is referred as an age specific death rate. It is derived by dividing the total deaths in each age group by the corresponding total population in the same age group.

The age specific death rates for the entire country and for males and females separately, are reflected in the last three columns of Table 1, and graphically illustrated in Figure 1. The feature of the death pattern is J-shape curve, indicating less number of infant and childhood deaths, and as expected, concentration of deaths in the terminal ages. This is a pattern usually depicted by developed countries, and symbolic of long term improvement in the health sector. But, unlike Guyana, many less developed countries have U-shape pattern of age specific death rates; reflecting high infant and childhood deaths, as against high number of deaths which occurred in the advanced ages, primarily due to old age exhaustion (see Table 1 and Figure 1).


Table 1: Distribution of population and deaths by age and sex, Guyana:2004
  POPULATION DEATHS AGE SPECIFIC DEATH RATES
Age Group Male Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
                   
0 8,843 8,614 17,457 196 146 343 22.19 17.00 19.63
1 - 4 37,151 35,701 72,852 49 37 87 1.33 1.05 1.19
5 - 9 49,883 48,215 98,099 12 20 32 0.24 0.42 0.33
10 -14 41,859 40,841 82,700 21 16 37 0.50 0.40 0.45
15 - 19 34,018 33,896 67,914 59 29 89 1.75 0.86 1.31
20 - 24 32,406 32,962 65,368 69 55 124 2.14 1.65 1.90
25 - 29 30,702 31,293 61,995 120 69 188 3.90 2.19 3.04
30 - 34 29,538 29,264 58,802 160 75 235 5.42 2.55 3.99
35 - 39 26,848 26,667 53,515 164 80 244 6.11 2.99 4.56
40 - 44 23,700 23,479 47,178 171 102 273 7.22 4.34 5.79
45 - 49 18,231 18,114 36,345 184 123 307 10.10 6.80 8.46
50 - 54 14,429 14,140 28,569 250 123 373 17.30 8.71 13.05
55 - 59 9,120 9,279 18,399 192 132 325 21.08 14.26 17.64
60 - 64 7,303 7,924 15,227 233 185 417 31.84 23.33 27.41
65 - 69 5,662 6,254 11,916 233 165 397 41.06 26.32 33.33
70 - 74 4,027 4,642 8,669 251 217 468 62.24 46.78 53.96
75 - 79 2,548 2,988 5,536 217 191 408 85.33 63.89 73.75
80 + 2,333 3,476 5,809 347 448 796 148.84 129.02 136.98
Total 378,600 377,749 756,349 2,929 2,214 5,143 7.74 5.86 6.80
Note1: Estimates, & based on the 2002 census to correspond to the reference year of the deaths.
Note2: ASDR = deaths in each age group/population in that same age group multiply by 1,000.
Source: Bureau of Statistics, Guyana




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Population 746,955  (Census 2012)
Size 214,970 square km
Location Between 1o & 9o  North Latitude and 57o & 61o West Longitude
Time Zone GMT - 04:00
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